At the heart of Sikh religion lies the idea of the guru. It is the belief that God is the true Guru: that God's divine and creative word came ot makind in a distinctive way through ten historical figures. Also they Sikh community, continue the faith of the tenth guru, is itself the guru. God is the one, the ultimate and eternal Guru, who provides enlightenment and understanding for disciples who set their hearts on finding and serving the truth.
The Sikh religion originated at the end of the 15th century, around the area of N. W. India and N. Pakistan. It was founded by Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, (1469-1538) he was born in the Punjab area of what is present day Pakistan. He recieved a vision to preach the way to enlightement and God. He siad "There is no Hindu, there is no Muslim" which has become one of the pillars of Sikhism. Later he and his Panth (his followers) later built the first Sikh Temple at Katarpur. After his death a succession of nine Gurus led the movement until 1708. Afterwards the functions of the Guru passed to the Panth and to the holy text.
The tenth Guru, Gobind Singh complied the Sikh holy text, known as the Siri Guru Granth Sahib, consists of hymns and writings of the first ten Gurus. Also included is the writings from different Muslim and Hindu saints. The Holy Text is considered the 11th and final Guru, and Sikh's holiest religious text. It was made so by Shri Gunru Gobind Singh Ji.
Code of Conduct: Sikh Scholars drafted the Sikh Reahit Marayada, the Sikh Code of Conduct. Among other requirements:
Kesa (long hair, which is never cut)
Kacha (short pants)
Kara (metal bracelet)
Kirpan (a ceremonial dagger)
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